Cultivation of sharing ( Dana ) is the most important aspect in Buddhism. It brings us three kind of happiness: in this current life, after this life and also on the way to the highest spiritual life. Sharing means giving others something someone is having. Some one is regarded as a fortunate if he/she has something, no matter whether it is property, money, skill, knowledge or wisdom. On the other hand, someone is considered as a less fortunate if he/she does not have enough.
Buddhism greatly encourages fortunate one for sharing his/her things/skill/knolwdge with less fortunate one. Our good relationship depends mainly on the practice of sharing. It helps us to keep harmony among the people and balance in environment. Because, the practice of sharing minimizes the mental conflicts between the haves and the have-nots. So, it shows us an wonderful happy way of life.
We know from the Buddhist scriptures that someone can able to attain rebirth in the heaven after death if he/she practice sharing, moral precepts and mindfulness. This is the heavenly bliss or happiness after this life.
Our main purpose of ultimate happiness also can be achieved by the cultivation of sharing. It generates in our minds the basics of the highest spiritual development. What keeps us bound in the cycle of birth and death is craving or clinging. With the practice of sharing, giving up or letting go, we can liberate ourselves, our mind from the bound and attain final freedom.
Shakyamuni Buddha in his previous lives as bodhisattva cultivated ten perfection (Parami) for the attainment of Buddha hood. We are greatly encouraged to practice sharing from the concept of Avalokiteshvara, the compassionate Bodhisattva, the noble being who is working towards perfect compassion and perfect wisdom. We are familiar with his statue where he has been portrayed as a compassionate god, who looks down the suffering humanity with intention to protect them from distress.
We wish happiness time to time chanting Pali verses like this" those who are in distress, may they over come their distress, those are in fear, may they overcome their fear and those who are in grief, may they over come their grief . For healing this approach is verbal and mental. But the practical is far better then the verbal or mental work.
Conclusion: It is clear that the practice of sharing becomes a strong positive force in our mind and gives us all kind of happiness: from the most worldly sensual pleasure to the highest happiness of enlightenment. Each time we share or give away something, it strengthen this wholesome factor until it becomes a powerful force in the flow of our consciousness. Our future lives will become in better position if we able to die with the purifying force of sharing. That’s why, a real follower of the Dharma accepts sharing as a good karma which generates wonderful positive force and brings great happiness not only to the practitioners but also in the mind of distress humanity.